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Interviews were transcribed and analyzed through an emergent process of thematic coding to interpret the core environmental values expressed by the participants. The four value themes that emerged were reverence and a spiritual connection to nature, a space to maintain mental and emotional well-being, the environment as a component of identity, and a strong sense of stewardship and responsibility. This research has potential for expanding our understanding of how individual values, behaviors, and attitudes toward the natural environment are impacted by time spent outdoors, particularly in hunters, foragers, and foresters whose work and recreation are closely tied to the land.

Abstract: Disturbance is a natural part of forest ecosystems in the northeast that drives forest succession and creates young forest habitat. Many species of birds are known to rely on young forest habitat such as scrub shrub habitat, which is also valuable to many small mammals, amphibians and reptiles. The goal of this study was to further our knowledge of the response by bird assemblages in the pine-oak forest type by re-sampling and analyzing the areas previously sampled in A total of six harvested areas were used in the study with a total of 23 sampling points distributed among them.

Songbird data were collected using standardized minute point counts.

A total of 31 bird species were observed during the study. Twenty-nine different species were observed at harvested sites while 17 different species were observed at unharvested sites. There was a significantly higher average number of species 8. In the harvested and unharvested sites, species richness declined between and 12 to 8 species and 9 to 7 species, respectively. The results of this study indicate that creating young forest habitat i. Further research is needed to assess the length of time that harvested sites would maintain the greatest bird species richness EXPAND.

Abstract: Historically bushmeat hunting hunting of African wildlife was a traditional practice, used to provide protein to for local people performed at a sustainable level. Now, while traditional hunting practices are still being used, the greater threat is the increase in the use of firearms. This increa Not only do these practices degrade the environment, but they also increase the human population along and inside forested areas.

Currently in West Africa, some estimates put the hunting rate at six times over the sustainable, and the bushmeat markets continue to grow with the sale of wildlife for profit and not for protein. While it rescues all of the native wildlife in the region, its focus is on the rescue and care of bushmeat orphans, specifically primates.

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Cameroon is home to 32 primate species, the second highest concentration in all of Africa. Of all sanctuaries in the region, LWC has the most diverse rescue profile as it does not have a species specific concentration. Given the broad rescues at the centre, it is unique in the information it holds from over 20 years as a primate rescue.

Bushmeat market interviews and data acquisition are notoriously unreliable, as most of the primates sold are smoked and those being interviewed are aware that their activity is illegal. Estimates on species being sold have been shown to be wildly inaccurate when DNA testing has been used. When records from the sanctuary are analyzed patterns emerged over time that show species preference in hunting, distances travelled outside of known ranges of given species, the cross-section of society in the market for wildlife, targeted hunting grounds and potential bushmeat trade routes.

Most of the information is not acquired subjectively, but based on the animal itself or the area of confiscation. Primate sanctuaries are overlooked in the conservation community for their potential role in influencing policy and opinion in the areas they are ensconced and also for the trove of information they have with every animal that comes to them. Abstract: Field studies on the mating systems of North American Trillium have led to conflicting conclusions on their self-incompatibility, based on species and geographic location.

A comparative experiment on mating systems of red flowered Trillium cuneatum and white flowered Trillium rugelii cohabiting at t Three treatments including open control, self-pollinated, and hand cross-pollinated individuals were conducted during two flowering seasons Results indicated that both Trillium cuneatum and Trillium rugelii are self-incompatible in the Bat Cave study site populations.

Furthermore, comparative analyses between initial developing fruit set and successful fruit set ratio revealed that both species have severe fruit abortion rates. However, contributions to the high fruit abortion rate during two field seasons were additionally attributed to external agents including herbivores by insects and fungi and weather related factors.

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PCA tests and binary logistic regression coefficients performed for each Trillium species were highly correlated indicating that in general larger plants had a greater likelihood of initiating fruit. Although partial tidal flow was restored to the system in allowing native salt marsh species to reestablish, molluscan species richness and density in particular, have declined significantly since the first few years following restoration.

Green crabs were not documented in EH before tidal restoration began, but have been increasing in numbers since then. The purpose of our study was to establish baseline data for abundance and distribution of Carcinus maenas in East Harbor, and examine its potential impact on the molluscan community by examining prey preferences through laboratory mesocosm studies and gut analysis.

Green crab abundance was higher in Moon Pond mean 0.

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Only 70 of the 96 crabs that we dissected contained gut contents to be examined. Abstract: ABSTRACT Bats are an important feature of ecological communities and provide a number of ecological and economic services such as pest control and pollination. Bat populations in New England are thought to have declined by upwards of 7 million since the discovery of White Nose Syndrome, and continue I identified the echolocation calls using Kaleidoscope Pro and manual vetting and paired bat locations with 3D forest structure and composition metrics obtained remotely via LiDAR technology and satellite imagery.

Due to limitations in sample size, models were only constructed for hoary bats Lasiurus cinereus. Models of bat forest structure and habitat preferences in New England forests were constructed using Software for Assisted Habitat Modeling SAHM which simultaneously executes five species distribution modeling frameworks. Eight of nine modeling scenarios three subregions and three background point setups indicated that elevation was the most important variable in predicting hoary bat presence.

Probability surfaces showed that roadways and populated areas were more likely to have hoary bats present. Target background analysis did begin to tease out canopy variable importance, showing that Vertical Distribution Ratio was important in determining presence probability in Maine and Massachusetts. Additional transects and passive monitoring off-road in future studies would provide better indicators of suitable habitat for hoary bats while maintaining necessary sample sizes for modeling. Across Africa, active persecution by people based on real or perceived threats to themselves or their livestock is a leading cause in the disappearance of medium-to-l Improving our understanding of HCC by scientifically evaluating potential mitigation strategies is critical to establishing sustainable management projects, and the future of apex predators.

A one-way analysis of variance ANOVA was used to determine the impact of lights on predators based on species hourly frequency of visitation. Actual visiting patterns by species were different than perceived. Spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta visitation was overestimated, while that of black-backed jackal Canis mesomelas was underestimated. Given its complexity, to effectively address livestock depredation in MCC will require adaptive, interdisciplinary methods that combine science and indigenous knowledge, to find culturally acceptable conservation efforts which benefit both apex predator populations and the human communities that live alongside them.

In this region, further testing on light systems, improving husbandry practices and wildlife education will be important focus areas moving forward.

Abstract: Abstract Because urban youth of color have been marginalized in many environmental fields including environmental education EE , research describing perceptions of nature and EE among these youth ages is disparate. My qualitative study allows urban African American and Latinx youth to sh Nearly two-thirds of Springfield residents are people of color. The NEOC provides youth with services such as academic assistance and leadership skill-building opportunities.

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Data collection involved three stand-alone primary methods: participant photography, photovoice, and focus groups. Two secondary methods included document review and participant observation. Before data collection, focus group questions were piloted with NEOC youth. Transcripts and photographs were analyzed following a pre-determined framework based on the environmental perception model of Aaron and Witt , using axial coding and selective coding.

Findings also indicate that critical pedagogies and cultural competency deserve more attention in EE and environmental perception fields. Abstract: The striped skunk Mephitis mephitis management plan in Windsor, Ontario, Canada was focused primarily on population control with little public education. Other Ontario municipalities use public education as a method to reduce nuisance wildlife encounters. The objective of my study was to co Population modelling was used to compare final population estimates of different management scenarios involving no intervention, an annual harvest, and public education.

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Skunk and stray cat abundance showed similar patterns in Windsor, with the high abundance overlap occurring in west and central Windsor. The line transect distance sampling was found to be a viable method in obtaining accurate density estimates in an urban setting, depending on the species studied and obstructions. Distance sampling could easily be used in future urban management plans. The population modelling showed a significant decrease in the skunk population when carrying capacity was reduced. An annual harvest of 48 skunks amount killed by the trap and kill program was not enough to cause a statistically significant reduction in the skunk population.

Ultimately, the skunk trap and kill program was not renewed and this research shows that skunks and possibly other wildlife are possibly being supported by urban food resources in Windsor. For this reason, the public should be educated on how to deter wildlife and to create a more effective management plan. Conservation efforts have been implemented worldwide and should be considered for expansion in rural fishing communities with few other options for income. One stakeholder requested a project to determine if conservation efforts could be brought locally to the region surrounding Paquera.

The goal of the survey was to evaluate the environmental perceptions of the community for implications in conservation. The results of the survey showed that respondents considered the Gulf of Nicoya and surrounding waterways to have decreased quality of water and exploited fish populations. Respondents saw pollution on the beaches and in the waterways as a major problem. Respondents wanted to see stricter fishing laws and the creation of fish farms to combat species exploitation.

The results of this study showed that respondents were in favor of conservation. Recommendations were made to develop a management plan for the stakeholders. While locally common throughout the southern portion of its range in the eastern United States, H. In an effort to understand its home range habitat use I conducted a radio telemetry study assessing the daily movement patterns of H.

Surgically implanted transmitters were used to relay data on location and body temperature to provide information on movement and thermoregulation. Four male and four female adult H. By looking at within day movement patterns in combination with temperature relationships, certain insights were revealed into both the spatial and behavioral ecology of the species.