Research paper bibliography format

MLA style, the one that is most commonly followed in high schools and university writing courses, dictates that you include only the works you actually cited in your paper—not all those that you used. The good news is that you do not have to memorize all the many ways the works cited entries should be written.

Bibliography Definition and Its Key Features

Numerous helpful style guides are available to show you the information that should be included, in what order it should appear, and how to format it. The format often differs according to the style guide you are using.

Assembling Bibliographies and Works Cited

Always ask your teacher which style you should use. A bibliography usually appears at the end of a paper on its own separate page.

Chicago Citation & Style Guide

All bibliography entries—books, periodicals, Web sites, and nontext sources such radio broadcasts—are listed together in alphabetical order. Most teachers suggest that you follow a standard style for listing different types of sources.


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If your teacher asks you to use a different form, however, follow his or her instructions. Take pride in your bibliography. If you are handwriting your bibliography, underline each title. If you are working on a computer, put the book title in italicized type.

How to Write a Bibliography - Examples in MLA Style - A Research Guide for Students

Be sure to capitalize the words in the title correctly, exactly as they are written in the book itself. Following the title is the city where the book was published, followed by a colon, the name of the publisher, a comma, the date published, and a period. Here is an example:. Book Title. Place of publication: publisher, date of publication.

A bibliography entry for a periodical differs slightly in form from a bibliography entry for a book.

Citing References in Scientific Research Papers

Next, write the title of the article in quotation marks, and include a period or other closing punctuation inside the closing quotation mark. The title of the magazine is next, underlined or in italic type, depending on whether you are handwriting or using a computer, followed by a period.

The date and year, followed by a colon and the pages on which the article appeared, come last. Month and year of publication: page numbers.


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  • For sources such as Web sites include the information a reader needs to find the source or to know where and when you found it. Always begin with the last name of the author, broadcaster, person you interviewed, and so on. Here is an example of a bibliography for a Web site:. Format : Author. Date of publication.

    All your sources in one place

    Date of access. When information isn't available on the home page, you may have to drill into the site, following links to interior pages. Look especially for the author's name, the date of publication or latest update , and the name of any sponsoring organization.

    Do not omit such information unless it is genuinely unavailable. Martin's, Share Flipboard Email. Richard Nordquist is a freelance writer and former professor of English and Rhetoric who wrote college-level Grammar and Composition textbooks.

    Updated April 12, APA Anderson, I. This is our music: Free jazz, the sixties, and American culture.

    How to Cite Sources- Research Paper

    Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. MLA Anderson, Iain. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, The Arts and Intellectual Life in Mod.