Many people hear of job openings from contacts associated with the company. If you wish to include a person's name in your cover letter, make certain that your reader has a positive relationship with the person. In some instances, you may have previously met the reader of your cover letter. In these instances it is acceptable to use your introduction to remind your reader of who you are and briefly discuss a specific topic of your previous conversation s. Most important is to briefly overview why your values and goals align with the organization's and how you will help them.
You should also touch on how you match the position requirements. By reviewing how you align with the organization and how your skills match what they're looking for, you can forecast the contents of your cover letter before you move into your argument. Your argument is an important part of your cover letter, because it allows you to persuade your reader why you are a good fit for the company and the job.
Carefully choose what to include in your argument. You want your argument to be as powerful as possible, but it shouldn't cloud your main points by including excessive or irrelevant details about your past. In addition, use your resume and refer to it as the source of "data" you will use and expand on in your cover letter.
APA (6th ed.) Writing & Citing Guide
Reminder : When writing your argument, it is essential for you to learn as much as possible about the company and the job see the Cover Letter Workshop - Introduction resource. Your closing restates your main points and reveals what you plan to do after your readers have received your resume and cover letter. We recommend you do the following in your closing:. I believe my coursework and work experience in electrical engineering will help your Baltimore division attain its goals, and I look forward to meeting with you to discuss the job position further.
I will contact you before June 5th to discuss my application. If you wish to contact me, I may be reached at , or by e-mail at jwillis3 e-mail-link. Thank you for your time and consideration. Although this closing may seem bold, potential employers will read your documents with more interest if they know you will be calling them in the future. Also, many employment authorities prefer candidates who are willing to take the initiative to follow-up. Additionally, by following up, you are able to inform prospective employers that you're still interested in the position and determine where the company is in the hiring process.
When you tell readers you will contact them, it is imperative that you do so. Portland, OR cmleroix anywhere. Job seekers at Purdue University may find value in the Purdue career Wiki here. What do I include in my cover letter heading? Summary: "Writing Your Cover Letter" is a series of short documents that walks you through the creation of a cover letter. You do not need to put this information down for the company itself. How to create figures in APA style. This figure illustrates effective elements in APA style figures. Captions serve as a brief, but complete, explanation and as a title.
If the figure has a title in the image, crop it. Graphs should always include a legend that explains the symbols, abbreviations, and terminology used in the figure. These terms must be consistent with those used in the text and in other figures.
The lettering in the legend should be of the same type and size as that used in the figure. There are a few common trends in abbreviating that you should follow when using APA, though there are always exceptions to these rules. When abbreviating a term, use the full term the first time you use it, followed immediately by the abbreviation in parentheses. According to the American Psychological Association APA , abbreviations are best used only when they allow for clear communication with the audience.
Exceptions : Standard abbreviations like units of measurement and states do not need to be written out. Exceptions : Use a period when abbreviating the United States as an adjective U. Marines or U. Units of measurement and statistical abbreviations should only be abbreviated when accompanied by numerical values:. Citations should be as condensed as possible, so you should know the basic rules of abbreviation endorsed by the APA to provide your readers with reference information.
When including statistics in written text, be sure to include enough information for the reader to understand the study. Although the amount of explanation and data included depends upon the study, APA style has guidelines for the representation of statistical information:. The APA poster at the link below is a printable jpg file you may download and print out at different sizes for use in classrooms, writing centers, or as a pocket reference.
Please keep in mind that the file size, as a print-quality resource dpi , is large, so it may take a while to download. You may adjust the print size of the poster from your print menu. As is, the poster is 27 x 36 inches. Because the poster is quite large, standard printers cannot print the poster. If you do not have access to a printer that can print large documents, contact a local print shop to print the poster.
The Purdue OWL cannot grant requests to print and mail posters. This resource presents the changes made between the fifth and sixth editions. Please note that the first printing of the APA sixth edition contained misprints; if you are using the APA manual, make sure you are using at least the second printing of the sixth edition. Traditionally, psychologists were the main users of APA, but recently, students and writers in other fields began using APA style.
Therefore, the sixth edition was written with a broader audience in mind. The changes made to the sixth edition reflect this broader audience.
Purdue OWL Conciseness
Headings are used to help guide the reader through a document. The levels are organized by levels of subordination, and each section of the paper should start with the highest level of heading. For example, in a scientific report following APA style, a report contains three sections: Method, Results, and Discussion. Each of these sections start with level 1 headings:. Refer to participants at the appropriate level of specificity.
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The manual provides the example of using women and men to refer to all human beings instead of only using man. Man is appropriate to use when referring to one man but not when referring to a population that includes men and women. Refer to participants how they wish to be called. Try to avoid labels if possible, but if this is not avoidable, be respectful.
Focus on the people and not the label. Spacing 4. Regarding punctuation in manuscript drafts, APA suggests using two spaces after periods ending sentences to aid readability. This research project explores how to discuss palliative care with patients. Approximations 4. Use words to express approximations of days, months, and year. Reporting statistics 4. Use a zero before the decimal point with numbers less than one when the statistic can be greater than one.
Include effect sizes and confidence intervals with statistics.
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This will allow the reader to more fully understand the conducted analyses. Use brackets to group together confidence interval limits in both the body text and tables 5. The sixth edition includes a section 5. This section can help you decide when and how to display your data. For example, your data might show that you are exploring data and information, or your data may serve a storage purpose for later retrieval.
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Figures include graphs, charts, maps, drawings, and photographs. As a general rule, only include figures when they add to the value of the paper. If the figure merely repeats what is written in the paper, do not include it, as it does not add any new information to the paper. The sixth edition also emphasizes the importance of clearly labeling electrophysiological, radiological, and genetic data.
If the quotation is less than 40 words, incorporate the quotation into the text and place quotation marks round the quotation. Cite the source immediately after the quotation and continue with the sentence. If the quotation has more than 40 words, use a block quotation. Begin the quotation on a new line and indent a half-inch from the left margin.
Double-space the entire quotation, and at the end of the quotation, provide citation information after the final punctuation mark.
John Nicholson anticipated this effect when discussion farming methods in the nineteenth century:. Electronic sources 6. Because electronic publishing has become a standard in research, the sixth edition provides an overview of electronic sources and how to reference them, specifically with URLs and DOIs. URLs, more commonly known as a web address, locate information housed on the Internet.